• South Africa

  • Central % Sub-Saharan Africa

South Africa

Best Times: Any

While 12% of South Africa’s land can be used for crop production, only 22% of this is high-potential arable land. The greatest limitation is the availability of water, with uneven and unreliable rainfall. Agricultural activities range from intensive crop production and mixed farming in winter rainfall and high summer rainfall areas to cattle ranching in the bush veld and sheep farming in the arid regions. Maize is most widely grown, followed by wheat, sugar cane and sunflowers. Citrus and deciduous fruits are exported, as are locally produced wines and flowers.

South Africa is also a net food exporter. It is also the leading exporter of protea cut flowers, which account for more than half of proteas sold on the world market.

Other important export groups are under matured ethyl alcohol and hides and skins.

Central &

Sub-Saharan Africa

Best Times: Any

In beautiful countries such as Tanzania, agricultural products include coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum, cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava, bananas, and vegetables. Livestock production includes cattle, sheep, and goats.


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Australia is a major agricultural producer and exporter, with over 325,300 employed in Agriculture, forestry and fishing as of February 2015.  


Australian farmers own 135,997 farms, covering 61% of Australia's landmass.  Across the country there is a mix of irrigation and dry-land farming.

New Zealand

Best Times: Any


Pastoral farming plays a major role in New Zealand.  Pastoral farming (dairy, sheep, beef, wool) comprises 69% – more than two-thirds  of New Zealand's gross agricultural revenue. Most dairy and cattle farming in New Zealand is pastoral making farmers less dependent on grain feeding and the energy-intensive housing of animals during winter months.

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